Australia's former PM Bob Hawke dies at 89
OBN May 16, 2019- Former Australian prime minister and Labor Party leader Bob Hawke, who dominated the country's politics in the 1980s, has died at the age of 89.
The charismatic politician, renowned for his love of beer and cricket, served from 1983 to 1991 and is credited with modernising the economy.
He was the centre-left Labor Party's longest-serving PM, who achieved the highest approval ratings of any PM.
His wife said in a statement that he died "peacefully at home".
"Today we lost Bob Hawke, a great Australian - many would say the greatest Australian of the post-war era," Blanche d'Alpuget said in a statement.
Mr Hawke joined the Labor Party at 18 in 1947 and would go on to win a Rhodes Scholarship to the University of Oxford in 1953.
He later joined the trade union movement, rising to become president of the Australian Council of Trade Unions by 1969.
He first won a seat in parliament in 1980 and became Labor leader in 1983. He and Labor won a general election by a landslide soon after.
Mr Hawke was known for his maverick style and will be remembered as Australia's "larrikin" leader - the prime minister who loved a drink and joke, and made the serious work of politics look like fun.
He set a world record for drinking a yard (1.4l) of beer in 11 seconds while at Oxford University, and he would still perform his party trick of downing a glass of beer at cricket matches well into his late 80s.
He cried publicly a number of times - most famously in 1989 at a memorial service at Parliament House following the crackdown on Chinese students at Beijing's Tiananmen square.
But his playful manner belied a sharp political mind: during eight years in power, he introduced pension and welfare reform at home, while improving trade links abroad, says the BBC's Hywel Griffith in Sydney.
He was known for his concern for Australia's vulnerable, once declaring that he wanted to create a country where there were "no second-class Australians". He created Australia's universal healthcare system - Medicare.
But the PM is also lauded by many for making radical market reforms - including floating the Australian dollar.
"Among his proudest achievements were large increases in the proportion of children finishing high school, his role in ending apartheid in South Africa, and his successful international campaign to protect Antarctica from mining," the statement from his family said.
It added that he "abhorred racism and bigotry" and "foresaw the Asian Century".
Tributes are pouring in for a man who was highly popular with the Australian public and led Labor to four election victories.
Former Labor PM Kevin Rudd tweeted that he was "a giant of Australian politics".
Bob Hawke is a giant of Australian politics. He and Paul Keating internationalised the Australian economy. He established APEC and radically deepened Australia's engagement with Asia. He established Medicare. Together with Therese and the entire nation, I mourn his passing.
Kevin Rudd (@MrKRudd) May 16, 2019
Australian actor Russell Crowe described him as a "great man who never lost his humility":
Bob Hawke has died.
A great man who made this country confident.
A great man who never lost his humility.
Guinness book of records 1954 , 2.5 pints of beer in 11 seconds.
Trade Union Leader.
Thanks for everything
— Russell Crowe (@russellcrowe) May 16, 2019
Bob Hawke's death comes days before Australians go to the polls in a federal election.
His former rival and the man who succeeded him as Labor leader and prime minister, Paul Keating, said that the pair had enjoyed a "great partnership".
"What remains and what will endure from that partnership are the monumental foundations of modern Australia," he said.Source:-BBC